How ‘monkey laundering’ undermines analysis

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Laboratory Longtail Macaques in the breeding centre of the National Primate Research Center of Thailand.

For the reason that COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, the availability of analysis monkeys has been low.Credit score: Mladen Antonov/AFP through Getty

Laboratory monkeys are being illegally poached from the wild, falsely labelled as captive-bred and bought as analysis animals — a follow often known as monkey laundering. Smugglers are being drawn by skyrocketing costs after the largest provider, China, halted exports to cut back the unfold of COVID-19. Monkey laundering might invalidate examine outcomes as a result of wild monkeys have been uncovered to a cocktail of ailments, and forcing them into captivity is anxious for them. “We all know [through] doing experiments that wholesome, glad animals end in essentially the most constant knowledge,” says microbiologist Ricardo Carrion.

Nature | 6 min learn

Among the many horrible losses suffered in Israel within the 7 October Hamas assaults, Ben-Gurion College (BGU) misplaced 84 individuals, together with college students and college members. Certainly one of them was theoretical physicist Sergey Gredeskul. “Aside from being an incredible physicist, Sergey was additionally a musician, a storyteller and a historian of the famed Kharkiv college of physics,” says BGU’s head of physics, Oleg Krichevsky.5 out of the six essential universities in Gaza have been bombed or broken in Israel’s bombardment and floor operation in opposition to Hamas. Electrical engineer Hatem Ali Elaydi says that 74 individuals from seven households are sheltering in his residence. “There is no such thing as a electrical energy, no Web, no ingesting water, no gas” and the households are ingesting salty water from the ocean, he says.Within the West Financial institution, in-person educating and analysis has stopped due to the danger of being shot on the way in which to campus. As of yesterday, three Israelis and 183 Palestinians had been killed within the West Financial institution since 7 October, in keeping with United Nations sources.For now, many worldwide collaborations are on ice. However some teachers cling to hope that their work will supply a bridge to peace. “These initiatives are usually on the stage of person-to-person,” says Arie Zaban, president of Bar-Ilan College in Israel. “As soon as it’s on the stage of individuals chatting with individuals, it’s a really sturdy relationship and it takes lots to interrupt it.”

Nature | 11 min learn

Footprints preserved within the rocks of Australia’s south coast might need been left by historic birds 128 million years in the past — the earliest proof for birds within the southern hemisphere. The 27 tracks would have been made when Australia was a part of the Gondwana supercontinent; this specific little bit of land was near the South Pole. Options corresponding to extensively unfold toes and a particular perching claw recommend the animals had been birds, not dinosaurs. “It could open its mouth, and you’d see tooth,” says palaeontologist Anthony Martin. “And it has a tail, with no tail feathers. You’ll see it’s a transitional animal from its dinosaur ancestors.”

The Guardian | 6 min learn

Reference: PLoS ONE paper

Two bird footprints uncovered at low tide are preserved in sandstone shown side by side. Small barnacles are visible encrusted on the rock

Tracks left by Cretaceous birds are proven right here with a white bar indicating a 5-centimetre scale. A. J. Martin et al./Plos One (CC-BY-4.0)

Options & opinion

The scientific narrative round new meals applied sciences, corresponding to genetically modified crops, usually fails to take into consideration how political and financial forces form agriculture, observe agricultural-development researcher Klara Fischer and anthropologist Joeva Sean Rock. And preliminary hopes that advances will ease the challenges of subsistence farmers and smallholders usually fall by the wayside in favour of personal income. Fischer and Rock argue that the way in which we body the way forward for meals has to vary.

Nature Opinions Bioengineering | 5 min learn

Early-warning methods can cease pure hazards from turning into disasters. However the UN’s US$3.1-billion early-warming programme is “doomed to fail except it’s supported and applied from effectively past the realms of the UN”, argue warning researchers Andrew Tupper and Carina Fearnley. For instance, the locations that the majority want such methods are sometimes the place the top-down UN method is least efficient. And terminology can hinder understanding: a class 4 extreme tropical cyclone in Samoa would, in neighbouring American Samoa, be described as a class 3 hurricane. We want extra joined-up considering, and everybody — from native governments to people — ought to get entangled, the authors write.

Nature | 12 min learn

A robotic chemist powered by synthetic intelligence can make oxygen from water utilizing solely supplies discovered on Mars’s floor. The refrigerator-sized machine separated and analysed ore from Martian meteorites, after which discovered an efficient oxygen-generating catalyst among the many greater than three million potential compounds — all with out human intervention.

Nature | 4 min video

References: Nature Synthesis paper

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Artist, analysis technician and environmental educator Sierra Weir turned away from the traditional tutorial profession path to deal with the work that basically made her glad. (Nature | 6 min learn)

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