COP20—Lima Local weather Convention — International Points


Writer and Web page data

  • by Anup Shah
  • This web page Created

On this web page:

  1. Introduction
  2. Assembly consequence
  3. Mainstream media reporting
  4. In context: frequent however differentiated obligations
  5. Extra data
  6. Information tales from IPS

Introduction

December 1 – 14, 2014, Lima, Peru was the venue for the twentieth annual United Nations Local weather Change Convention, also called the twentieth Convention of the Events — or COP 20.

The aim of this convention was to create a common settlement on local weather change motion and start the method of financing mitigation.

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Assembly consequence

The assembly ended with all nations agreeing to chop again greenhouse fuel emissions. Often known as the Lima Accord, this treaty is just not legally binding and international locations don’t have to specify how a lot they’ll reduce, as an alternative agreeing to report their plans again by March 2015.

Whereas for a lot of it appeared like a profitable consequence, others have been upset, reminiscent of poor international locations struggling to rebuild from present impacts of local weather change who have been alarmed on the disappearance of loss and injury commitments from the ultimate textual content which has been a part of the dialogue for years.

The worldwide local weather motion, 350.org, summarized the disappointments and hopeful features of the assembly consequence, noting

  1. The brand new settlement doesn’t replicate the urgency of the local weather disaster
  2. Some good agreements – however no measures to make sure implementation
  3. Least developed and susceptible nations ignored within the chilly
  4. Divestment (from fossil gas reliance) is extra vital than ever
  5. International momentum for actual options is stronger than ever and can carry on going.

In making an attempt to place a optimistic spin on the general disappointment they felt, they concluded, In the long run, a world local weather treaty is only one instrument to fight local weather change. Actual change goes to proceed to return from the grassroots. The UN Local weather Talks proceed to be a spot the place the world’s international locations comes collectively to debate this disaster and persons are placing in huge efforts to ensure Paris [the next global meeting] gained’t be like Copenhagen which was stuffed with disappointments regardless of large guarantees.

Samantha Smith, Chief of WWF’s International Local weather and Vitality Initiative, was fairly scathing of the assembly consequence saying that political expediency gained over scientific urgency. She additionally famous that Developed nation governments couldn’t even handle to elucidate how they’ll ship the long-promised US$100 billion per 12 months in local weather finance by 2020. In a transfer that seemingly dismissed the plight of probably the most susceptible international locations, they utterly eliminated any significant language about ‘loss and injury’.

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Mainstream media reporting

As with nearly each earlier assembly (with occasional exceptions), mainstream media reporting was very poor given the significance of this international challenge. The place the assembly was reported it was typically in the direction of the tip, and simply sound chunk sort summaries saying all international locations agreed to emission cuts and that this was a serious enchancment.

Whereas the treaty continued to say it honors the long-standing frequent however differentiated obligations the mainstream media reporting (as in most years) has sometimes failed to supply clarification and context of this precept that has been an vital a part of these talks for over 2 a long time; that poor and growing international locations mustn’t bear the identical obligations because the developed ones (as a result of they don’t seem to be the reason for the anthropogenic carbon emissions over the earlier a long time which have led to this, which is detailed way more on this web site’s web page on local weather justice).

A touch in the direction of this precept could have been introduced as a viewpoint of China or India, given the impression they’re being obstacles, reasonably then explaining this precept in additional context.

That was simply one of many points skirted over or omitted from frequent reporting. Others included points on financing, expertise help for poorer nations, and many others. Behind the scenes, for many years, wealthy international locations have stalled on these items or actively prevented making an attempt to share expertise and many others, which is barely reported.

Yearly, this criticism is manufactured from mainstream reporting, so with out following these negotiations every year, it may be simple to return away with the impression that this assembly had a optimistic consequence.

However as this dialogue hosted by Democracy Now! reveals, there have been a variety of vital problems with competition:

Emissions-Slicing Deal Reached at COP 20 Lima, However Will It Assist Stop Catastrophic Local weather Change?, Democracy Now!, December 15, 2014.

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In context: frequent however differentiated obligations

A few years in the past all nations agreed that local weather change was largely the results of actions from as we speak’s industrialized nations, as carbon dioxide — the primary greenhouse fuel — stays within the ambiance for many years. But, the poorest would find yourself struggling probably the most for an issue they largely didn’t trigger. The approaches to mitigation (emissions discount) would subsequently be totally different for these teams of nations — the frequent however differentiated obligations precept.

It’s on this context that the dialogue for loss and injury has come about. And it’s one thing that wealthy international locations are eager to eliminate .

The years of resistance on this challenge (and lots of others) means every time it’s mentioned once more the reactions appear to get much more hostile. Mixed with the shortage of detailed context within the mainstream media protection of this side, it then turns into simpler every time to see culprits as China and India given their huge greenhouse emissions lately, in comparison with the far higher quantity by the industrialized nations over the longer interval. See this web site’s part on local weather justice for extra detailed background.

And as this web site has stated for years on the local weather justice web page, the wealthy nations are delaying any significant motion till it’s finally — and disproportionately — paid for the by the growing nations. New Delhi primarily based Nitin Sethi, affiliate editor at Enterprise Commonplace, interviewed within the earlier talked about video says the identical factor, however extra frankly:

There isn’t a motion that’s going to occur between now and 2020. All of that was to be carried out by the developed international locations. They [rich nations] principally have simply stated at Lima that we’re not going to do any greater than what we’re doing up to now, and the burden can shift onto the post-2020 period, the place different growing international locations should share it. So, to me, it signifies actually negotiation in unhealthy religion.

Nitin Sethi, Emissions-Slicing Deal Reached at COP 20 Lima, However Will It Assist Stop Catastrophic Local weather Change?, Democracy Now!, December 15, 2014

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Extra data

Because the convention remains to be underway as this web page is written, extra data can be added right here after the occasion is over.

For extra in regards to the points from different organizations, listed below are some beginning factors:

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Information tales from IPS

Under is an inventory of tales from Inter Press Service associated to the Lima local weather convention and its aftermath.

  1. Tapping into the Energy of Younger Folks for Local weather Motion